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Roller coaster
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses, see Roller coaster (disambiguation).

The Scenic Railway at Luna Park, Melbourne, is the world's oldest continually-operating roller coaster, built in 1912.
A roller coaster is a type of amusement ride that employs a form of elevated railroad track designed with tight turns, steep slopes, and sometimes inversions.[1] People ride along the track in open cars, and the rides are often found in amusement parks and theme parks around the world.[1] LaMarcus Adna Thompson obtained one of the first known patents for a roller coaster design in 1885, related to the Switchback Railway that opened a year earlier at Coney Island.[2][3] The track in a coaster design does not necessarily have to be a complete circuit, as shuttle roller coasters demonstrate. Most roller coasters have multiple cars in which passengers sit and are restrained.[4] Two or more cars hooked together are called a train. Some roller coasters, notably wild mouse roller coasters, run with single cars.

By train type
4th Dimension roller coaster
Bobsled roller coaster
Dive roller coaster
Floorless roller coaster
Flying roller coaster
Inverted roller coaster
Mine Train roller coaster
Motorbike roller coaster
Pipeline roller coaster
Side friction roller coaster
Spinning roller coaster
Stand-up roller coaster
Steeplechase roller coaster
Suspended roller coaster
Virginia Reel roller coaster
Wing roller coaster
By track layout
Boomerang roller coaster
Corkscrew roller coaster
Dual-tracked roller coaster
Figure 8 roller coaster
Out and Back roller coaster
Shuttle roller coaster
Terrain roller coaster
Twister roller coaster
Vertical Drop roller coaster
Wild Mouse roller coaster
By mechanics
Chain-lift/cable lift/Elevator lift/Ferris Wheel lift roller coaster
Launched roller coaster
Name Park Manufacturer Status Opened Height
Millennium Force Cedar Point Intamin Operating May 13, 2000 310 feet (94 m)
Steel Dragon 2000 Nagashima Spa Land Morgan Operating August 1, 2000 318 feet (97 m)
Intimidator 305 Kings Dominion Intamin Operating April 2, 2010 305 feet (93 m)
Leviathan Canada's Wonderland Bolliger & Mabillard Operating May 6, 2012 306 feet (93 m)
Fury 325 Carowinds Bolliger & Mabillard Operating March 25, 2015[22] 325 feet (99 m)
Red Force Port Aventura World Intamin Operating April 7, 2017[23] 367 feet (112 m)
Major roller coaster manufacturers
Allan Herschell Company (defunct)
Arrow Development
Arrow Dynamics (bought by S&S Power, renamed S&S Arrow then S&S Worldwide)
B.A. Schiff & Associates
Bolliger & Mabillard
Bradley and Kaye (defunct)
Chance Morgan (formerly D. H. Morgan Manufacturing)
Chance Rides
Custom Coasters International (defunct)
D. H. Morgan Manufacturing
Dinn Corporation (defunct)
Dynamic Structures
E&F Miler Industries
Fabbri Group
Giovanola (defunct)
The Gravity Group
Great Coasters International
Hopkins Rides
Mack Rides
Maurer Söhne
Martin & Vleminckx
Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters
Pinfari (defunct)
Premier Rides
Preston & Barbieri
Rocky Mountain Construction
Roller Coaster Corporation of America
Sansei Technologies
S&S Worldwide
Schwarzkopf (defunct)
TOGO (defunct)
Vekoma Rides